Hoekom doen innovasies in bekostigbare behuising tegnologie verskyn en dan so vinnig verdwyn?
Dit blyk dat daar 'n werklike behoefte in die wêreld vir 'n beter en vinniger maniere om bekostigbare behuising te bou. Daar word beraam dat daar 1.5 miljard mense wat nie voldoende skuiling, aka bekostigbare behuising. Dit sou rofweg verteenwoordig 1/5 van die mensdom. Ons kan al daardie mense neem net kies om nie huise het en eindig hierdie artikel hier. Of, we can ask how do we make housing affordable for more people. Obviously we’re opting to lean toward the second suggestion and peel back one of the many criteria that will be needed for the next great innovation to be breakthrough in solving affordable housing globally. Before I reveal what that one thing is lets look at a very simple outline of the history of housing, which as an industry is rather modern.
Die eerste bekostigbare huise
Bekostigbare behuising is nie 'n nuwe konsep. I actually think it is an inkling we now have to achieve something that was available to most people in times past. When populations were much smaller and resources per person much greater, bou van 'n nuwe huis, 'n volhoubare huis net gebeur deur die gebruik van die hulpbronne wat beskikbaar was. Hence things like logs were used to build a house. This was great until too many people gathered in an area and what was once abundant now needed to be conserved. Vandaar, logs were cut down and sawmills sprung into place. Na alles was dit makliker om te bou met cut hout dan onreëlmatige logs so daar was bykomende voordele in die proses asook. (remember this is a brief history!)
En die eerste het onbekostigbaar huise
Nou dan, eerder as om 'n byl en sny jou eie bome wat jy kan jou gekose handwerk werk en geld verdien en gebruik jou verdienste hout te koop. As a matter of fact you could buy as much as you wanted and build as much as you wanted. If you built too large then some wouldn’t be able to afford your home. It was soon figured out that there was a norm, or average that people were spending on housing (based on income and other economic factors too extensive for this article) and the “housing industry” sprang into being. And therein lies the intersection of a good thing and a reality. The good thing is that the housing industry served the majority and above. Good housing stock was built and most Americans enjoyed a decent house.
Behuising op die rand
Maar nie almal wou of kon die gemiddelde huis bekostig. On the high end, luukse huise gevul die begeertes van die ryk en goedkoper alternatiewe, soos track behuising gevul die behoeftes aan die onderpunt. Die bedryf as 'n geheel gery pryse vir materiaal (soos ons hout hierbo) down to the point they became commodities. In other words no matter how much more you produced the prices were about as low as they could go and it would now cost the individual more to go cut the tree then to buy the wood.
Dit werk tot…
This works for the majority, most of the time, and then there are some challenges that make affordability a real problem. Om mee te begin, because the systems for building became so efficient and the majority can afford what is being constructed, the ones who can’t afford the average house (low-income families) or the lower priced housing alternatives now have one less option. Met ander woorde, when it now cost more to get the logs then buy the lumber the option to use logs is removed from their set of possible solutions. So lower priced alternatives are sought to substitute for acceptable housing and housing in other forms appears; mobile homes and the modern tiny house for example. But there is a bottom to all of this. You can only go so far in the selection of less expensive materials until the materials no longer work as adequate housing alternatives. This is where the ‘novel” housing ideas come into play. Ideas like building houses out of pop cans or discarded car tires. These ideas are rooted in the same principle: find a less expensive way to build an acceptable house that is affordable to low-income families using stuff that appears to be abundant. Fair enough! Positiewe dinge gesê kan word oor elkeen van hulle in hul eie reg.
Egter; if a new idea or affordable housing technology is ever going to have the ability to be truly acceptable, bekostigbare, and scalable it must overcome many hurdles. We love to cite important factors that project a perceived better future and pin that concept to the new idea as a way to promote it; soos dui op 'n nuwe idee is sosiaal aanvaarding of dit eko-vriendelike konstruksie. Ja, Hierdie is belangrike faktore. But even more so, when it comes right down to it, the housing solution must be able to compete with the readily available building materials already in the market (soos hout of bakstene). The fact remains that someone might want to try a new building concept and even be convinced that it is better for the occupant, die omgewing, of 'n gasheer van ander redes, but if that material is more expensive than locally available building material then it will go nowhere towards being a solution to the global housing shortage. Yet, the fact remains, housing at the lower end of the housing spectrum remains unacceptable, inferior, and unavailable to billions of people.
Vandaar, die soektog na die onder $1,000 USD of onder $500.00 USD huis. The quest is important, maar die oplossing is nie so voor die hand liggend. As dit nie was, sou ons nie so 'n groot skaal behuising krisis in die wêreld waar die skattings van nood word soms aangehaal as in die miljarde. Like I mentioned before, Ek hou van nuwe tegnologie en innovasie is awesome. People are creative. But after years of working on the solution ourselves, ons het dieselfde uitdagings die hoof te bied en te kyk vierkantig in die gesig van voornemende kliënte en sê…”dit is net nie bekostigbaar”.
Maar dit het nie gestop om ons uit voortgesette om te soek en te ontwikkel, invest and research to provide the most cost effective building solutions available; I still admit that we aren’t completely there yet. Te veel werk nog gedoen moet word om koste te ry af moet. We must continue to evolve to lower the costs even more because it seems obvious to us that anything manufactured, anything produced in a factory, anything that gobbles up space in a shipping container will never work. Our focus instead is on identifying things that are commodities or can become commodities…ones that are less expensive then the already available commodities, and leverage them to produce lower costing, meer bekostigbaar, and better housing…vinniger.
Dit beteken die ontwikkeling, bevinding, or creating the next construction solution that is available in overwhelming volume and costs less than a brick, 'n laken van gegalvaniseerde tin, of 'n 2 X 4.
Vir my, dit lyk asof daar 'n sprankie van hoop in 'n baie eenvoudige idee te wees. Whatever it is that is developed will need to be decoupled from the factory and be built almost anywhere by almost anyone. Die koste van die vervaardiging, tesame met die koste van gestuur is 'n dubbele hekkie wat nog nooit in die behuising markte oorkom,and probably never will be. So unlocking the mystery to the elusive affordable house globally is partially wrapped up in identifying konstruksie toerusting, konstruksie gereedskap, and construction materials that are already, or can become commodities which can then be applied in new and creative ways to improve energy efficiency, verhoog duursaamheid, verleng langslewendheid, en die meeste van alles toename bekostigbaarheid. Vir my, gebied gebou SIP Panele lyk ons in die regte rigting te lei.